The five characteristics of lifeforms were organization (a distinct form and appearance), irritability (the ability to respond to external stimuli), metabolism (the ability to convert energy to stay alive), reproduction (the ability to create new lifeforms), and adaptation (the ability to change as their environments change).
A species given the sapient definition is considered able to reason and understand abstract metaphorical concepts and ideas, make and use tools, and communicate with written or spoken language. Species that did not reason at all and survived via their natural instincts, were classified as non-sapient or feral.
The predominant form of sapient life on Kaf was carbon-based lifeforms. However, other forms of sentient life did exist, such as metal-based or ether-based lifeforms. Reports from remote parts of the galaxy even mentioned giant clouds of interstellar gas which had evolved a form of intelligence based on internal force-fields.
The study of sapient species
Many institutions focused on the study of sapient species. Those scientists and anthropologists that studied sapient species were known as sentientologists.
Another major work on sentientology was _ by the _. Rather than a scientific study, it was designed to facilitate first contact with species, providing "guidelines as to common cultural interests, goals, fears and drives."
The Djinn researcher _ wrote the acclaimed The Essential Guide to Alien Species. He was able to gain unique insights into species by infiltration using his shapeshifting abilities.
List of Sapient Races by Creature Type
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